Friday, September 21, 2012

History Main Paper I Historical Sites:-

In History Optional  paper I, mapping of historical sites is very important question. Three years ago this question was supposed to be "scoring one", as mapping of sites was relatively easy. But now days sites which are asked are so unknown, that is not so scoring.

But I am enlisting different historical sites here, which are taken from syllabus of Diploma in Archaeology, conducted by archaeological survey of India. Just collect some information of these sites and be aware of geographical location of these different sites. And also do mapping from spectrum book of historical sites. But concentrate more on enlisted sites as current trend of UPSC is to ask sites related to neolithic, chalcolithic and megalithic era, or sites which are recently discovered.


 Important sites and regions: Potwar plateau , Bhimbetka & Adamgarh,
South India with reference to Attirampakkam, Renigunta & Hunsgi – Baichbal valley, Chota Nagpur plateau, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nepal, etc  
Important sites: Patne, Kurnool caves, Bagor and Tilwara, Langhnaj, Birbhanpur, Teri sites, Adamgarh, Bhimbetka, Sarai Nahar Rai, Mahadaha, Damdama 
Survey of Mesolithic cultures in India
Important sites: Bagor and Tilwara, Langhnaj, Birbhanpur, Teri sites, Adamgarh, Bhimbetka, Sarai Nahar Rai, Mahadaha, Damdama 
Chalcolithic cultures 
Chalcolithic cultures of Rajasthan: Ahar, Gilund, Balathal, Ojiyana, Ganeshpur-Jodhpura sites 
Chalcolithic cultures of central India : Kayatha, Navdatoli, Maheshwar, Eran 
Chalcolithic cultures of eastern India : Chirand, Senuwar, Pandu Rajar Dhibi, Mangalkot, Golbai Sasan 
Chalcolithic sites of Ganga plain: Sohgaura, Narhan, Malhar, Lahuradewa 
Chalcolithic cultures of Deccan : Jorwe, Prakash, Bahal, Nevasa, Daimabad, Chandoli, Sonegaon, Inamgaon, Kaote 
Neolithic-Chalcolithic cultures of South India : Piklihal, Brahmagiri, Sanganakallu, Tekkalakota, Hallur, Maski, T.Narsipur 
Harappan Civilization
Emergence of the early Harappan period – Ravi , Hakra and Amri cultures  
Early Harappan period,
Important sites: Amri, Kot Diji, Harappa, Nausharo, Kulli, Mehi, Nal-Nundara, Mundigak, Rahman Dheri, Sarai Khola, Kalibangan, Dholavira, Banawali, Rakhigarhi, Baror, Bhirrana 
A survey of excavated Harappan sites: Mohenjodaro, Harappa , Dholavira, Rakhigarhi, Banawali, Kalibangan, Lothal, Surkotada, Bagasra, Kuntasi, Nageshwar, Rangpur, Desalpur
Late / Post Harappan period
Jhukar-Jhangar, Cemetery H, Gandhara Grave Lustrous Red Ware 
Important sites: Jhukar, Harappa , Banawali, Dholavira, Rangpur, Hulas, Alamgirpur, Bhagwanpura, Mitathal 
Ochre Coloured Pottery & copper hoards
Distribution: Bahadarabad, Bisauli, Saipai, Lalqila, Atranjikhera, Hastinapur, Jodhpura 
Iron Age Cultures 
Important sites: Ahichchhatra, Hastinapur, Bhagwanpura, Atranjikhera 
Important sites: Burzahom, Naikund, Mahurjhari, Kunnatur, Adichanallur, Kodumanal, Brahmagiri, Maski 
Important excavated sites 
1.      Taxila 
2.      Ahichchhatra 
3.      Hastinapur 
4.      Kausambi 
5.      Sishupalgarh 
6.      Purana Qila 
7.      Chandraketugarh 
8.      Hampi 
9.      Bhokhardan 
10.  Sannati 
11.  Nagarjunakonda 
12.  Fatehpur Sikri 
13.  Arikamedu 
14.  Adam
15.  Rajghat 
16.  Mathura 
17.  Sonkh 
18.  Kumrahar 
19.  Sravasti 
20.  Brahmagiri 
21.  Banavasi 
22.  Champaner 
23.  Rangmahal 
24.  Lalkot 
25.  Nalanda 
26.  Bhangarh 
27.  Ambari 
28.  Alagankulam 
29.  Semthan 
30.  Korkai 
31.  Thanesar (Harsha-ka-Tila) 
32.  Vadgaon Madhavpur 
33.  Chandor 
34.  Velha Goa 
 Amaravati, Bharhut, Sanchi, Mathura, Gandhara, Sarnath, Mahabalipuram, Kanchipuram, Badami, Aihole, Ajanta, Ellora and Bhubaneswar 
Deogarh, Bhitargaon, Martand, Nalanda, Osian, Khajuraho, Bhubaneswar , Aihole, Kanchipuram, Thanjavur, Halebidu, Dilwara, Madurai , Hampi 
Dholpur, Humayun’s Tomb, Akbar’s Tomb, Shalimar, Taj Mahal, Nishat)  Rajgir, Sirkap, Sishupalgarh, Ujjain , Mathura , Pauni, Qila Raipithora, Hampi, Daulatabad, Chittorgarh, Jaisalmer 

(i)Asokan Rock Edict XIII, Pillar Edict II 
(ii) Hathigumpha inscription of Kharavela 
(iii) Besnagar inscription of Heliodorus 
(iv) Junagadh inscription of Rudradaman I 
(v) Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta 
(vi) Aihole inscription of Pulakesin II 
(vii) Ikshvaku inscription of Virapurushadatta 
(viii) Nasik cave inscription of Gautamiputra Satakarni 
(ix) Banskhera inscription of Harshavardhana 
(x) Mandagapattu inscription of Mahendravarman I 
(xi) Uttiramerur inscription of Parantaka I 
(xii) Brihadeswara temple inscription of Rajaraja Chola I 


  1. hi sir,
    which book do u suggest for ancient history mains->romila thapar's ancient history or basham's the wonder that was india?

  2. hello sir,now i am giving my 12th(science) board exam.I want to become a IAS what & how i do after 12th,I want guidance from you.

  3. hi sir i am preparing civils exam in 2014 can u suggest me how to prepare to main exam new patron .

  4. how read news paper and how to write main answers.


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